Vincent P S Project Page


I sent you a few messages. I gave you extra time. Now it's too late.

Your mark is 0/20

Le projet ci-dessous a été posté trop tard. Il ne sera ni corrigé, ni noté.__

The French Foreign Legion

The French Foreign Legion (“Légion Etrangère” in French) is a branch of the French Army consisting of foreign volunteers from any nation, including France, for service in France and abroad. The Foreign Legion is the only unit of the French Army open to people between 17 and 40 years old of any nationality.

Today, most legionnaires are coming from European countries but a growing percentage comes from Latin America. As of 2008, the 600.00 soldiers who have been or are legionnaires came from 140 countries.

The French Foreign Legion is an elite corps whose trainings are worthy to those of the commandos. There are several specialties: infantry, cavalry, engineers and airborne troops.

HISTORYunderline text

The French Foreign Legion was created by Louis Philippe, the King of France, on 10 March 1831 from the Swiss and German foreign regiments of the Kingdom of France.

The French Foreign Legion was primarily used to protect and expand the French colonial empire during the 19th century. Stationed in Algeria, it took part in the pacification and development of the colony.

In World War I, the Foreign Legion fought in many critical battles on the Western Front, including Artois, Champagne, Somme, Aisne, and Verdun . The Foreign Legion was also in the Dardanelles and Macedonian front.

In World War II, the Foreign Legion was involved many exterior theatres of operations: Norwegian, Syria-Lebanon, and North African campaigns (including the Battle of Bir Hakeim in 1942).

During the First Indochina War (1946–54) the Foreign Legion suffered particularly heavy losses in the Battle of Dien Bien Phu, before the fortified valley finally fell on 7 May 1954.

The legion was heavily engaged in fighting against the National Liberation Front during the Algerian War (1954 – 1962).

From 1962, the foreign Legion was part of several peace keeping operations (Chad, Lebanon, Rwanda, Kuwait, Ivory Coast …).

Today, Legionnaires are in operation in Djibouti, French Guiana, Senegal and Mali for the Barkhane operation to fight against Islamic terrorists.

TRADITIONSunderline text

Traditions can be seen through the details of the uniform such as the white kepi, the blue belt and the green and red epaulettes. The sapper traditionally have large beards, wear leather aprons and gloves and hold axes.

Songs are also part of the tradition like “The boudin” (the official march of the French Foreign Legion) of “The pioneers”.

The Legionnaire’s code of hour dictates the conduct of soldiers in their daily lives, in time of war and peace.

« ESPRIT DE CORPS »underline text

The Foreign Legion is today known as a unit whose training focuses on traditional military skills and on its strong “esprit de corps”, as its men come from different countries with different cultures. This is a way to strengthen them enough to work as a team. Consequently, training is often described as not only physically challenging, but also very stressful psychologically. The Legion is the only part of the French military that does not swear allegiance to France, but to the Foreign Legion itself.

Ne pas supprimer SVP

Comments -

Add a New Comment
Unless otherwise stated, the content of this page is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 3.0 License