Tstl Naoufel H S Page3

Appréciation

Tes erreurs sont les mots qui sont barrés dans ton texte et les corrections sont celles qui sont soulignées en gras. Ton texte est bien écrit et la durée est parfaite (5:04 mins). Par contre, certains phrases/mots sont mal prononcés.

A l'oral il y a quelques petites erreurs par rapport au texte :

"32 millions deaths" =} "32 million deaths"

"tissues transplants" =} "tissue transplants

"therapeutic options, with better tolerability ,greater efficacy and lower levels =} Les mots dans cette partie de la phrase sont mal prononcés

"We can said that the history of the HIV reponse has been wroted and taken scientific resort and telescoping the time to put in them" } Je n'ai pas compris le sens de cette phrase + il y a trop d'erreurs

Attention Ă  la prononciation de certains mots comme : "main", "threat", "progress", "HIV", "diagnosis", "handled", "behaviour", "equipment", " unsterile condition", "STIs testing", "antiretroviral", "women", "clinical", "guidelines", "latest", "compared", implementation, "research"

Tu aurais eu environ 9/10 pour cette partie de l'oral.

Appuyez sur le lien ci-dessous pour écouter votre présentation orale sur la notion l'idée de progrès:

==} voici le lien: Appuyez ici

The idea of progress

To begin I will announce the plan that I m based on I have chosen to answer the question The main question is : Is aids a threat for the whole planet?

To answer the question I m going to talk about this desease disease , (the mode of transmission ,the developement development of this desease on disease in the world) the risks that are posed then the scientific progress

Hiv remains a major global public health problem, witch which has resulted in over 32 millions deaths. But through better access to effective prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care (and this also for applies to opportunistic infections), Hiv infection has become a chronic desease disease that can be handled with long and healthy Life assurance kept under control and therefore letting the Aids carrier live a long and "reasonably" healthy life.

Following concerted international efforts, service coverage Je n'ai pas compris le sens de ces 2 mots has increased steadily

The vast majority (82%) of pregnant and breastfeeding women living with Hiv also received a TAR that not only protects their health but also prevents the transmission of the virus to the newborn

Risk factors :among the behaviours and situations that increase the risk of contracting HIV infection are :

Unprotected sex

Having another sexually transmitted infection

Injection equipment Sharing needles__ or contaminated solutions when injecting drugs, risk blood transfusions, tissue transplants, medical acts that lead to cutting or drilling the skin under unsterile conditions,etc…

Prevention: at the an individual level, the risk of HIV infection can be reduced by limiting exposure to risk factors.

The main HIV/AIDS prevention approaches, often used in combination, are identified below;

Use of male or female condoms

HIV and STIs testing and counselling

Detection, counselling and linking the tuberculosis care services

Voluntary medical circumcission of man men

Treatment ;

Hiv can be eliminated through triple ARV therapy, involving three or more antiretroviral medicines. The TAR does not cure HIV infection but removes viral replication in the body and allows the immune system to strengthen and rebuild its ability to combat infections

In 2016 , the WHO recommended that TAR be issued for life to all people living with HIV :children, adolescents, adults, pregnant women and suckler breastfeeding women, regardless of their clinical status or CD4 numbers . By mid-2019 , 182 countries had already adopted this recommendation covering 99% of people living with HIV worldwide.

The WHO updated its HIV treatment guidelines in 2018 and 2019 to reflect the latest scientific progress.

The HIV treatment guidelines offer new alternatives, therapeutic options with better tolerability, greater efficacy effectiveness and lower levels of treatment discontinuation compared to previously used medicines. The medicines recommended by the WHO are low-dose dolutegravir and efavirent for efavirenz as the first intention form of treatment,and raltegravir and darunavir/ritonavir for as the second intention form of__ treatment.

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