Erwan L's project pages

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The tank Tiger I

In this page I will present the monster of the World War Two, a German tank called the tiger Tiger I .

Historical context

It's after the mounting arrival to power of Hitler that the project of this German tank was launched, everything of the project is was done in hiding in the test center of "Kummersdorf" 50 km in south of Berlin. The Germany at this time is was not allowed to build weapeon weapons because the Diktat. But Hitler is not of this opinion and launche did not agree with this and launched the fabrication of assault tanks and want wanted tanks like in the First World War. The German engineers present presented after that the first "Nazi tank", the Panzer I, the translate translation of panzer I is not glorius great because the Panzer I is translatable by "tank one", but the Panzer I is was agile but too weakly schielded because it was lightly armoured and armed for a modern fight battle.


This is a image of the panzer I.

After the panzer I, the conception of tanks continue continued with the panzer II, panzer III and and panzer IV. Hitler was convinced that the tank is bigger the bigger the tank was, the better it is was . The panzer III and IV was were very good at the beginning of the war with the trategie tragedyof the "Blitzkriegs" of Guderian, the "Biltzkriegs" was consisting to combine consisted in combining the power of the tank and the power of the fighter jet in support plane to back it up .


this is a panzer III


this is a panzer IV

But in 1941 it was the "cold shower" for the German tank with the operation Barbarossa. The panzer tank was falled useless against a the Russian tanks T-34/76 and KV-1. The T-34/76 is was better armed, schielded had better armour and was faster than the Panzer III and IV and the terrible mighty KV-1 was impenetrable by the Panzer, the only solution against the KV-1 is was the "canon 88mm 8.8cm Flak Kw.K 36L/56".


this is the T-34/76


this is the KV-1

The conception of the Tiger tank

After the beginning of the operation Barbarossa and the discovered discovery of the T-34/76 and the KV-1, the "3eme Third Reich" has needed a tank most which was heavier, more powerful and robust. Hitler want absolutly wanted the "canon 88mm 8.8cm Flak Kw.K 36/56" on the new tank but the size of the canon gun needed a big tank, the Tiger was going to be craete invented.
For the its conception, Hitler asked the help of Ferdinand Porsche, that he considers considered at this time like as a mechanical genius of the mechanical. Difficult task when we have for habit to create a The task was difficult as he was only used to building cars and the pressure went up a notch when Ferdinand Porsche learn learned the news, the competitor Henschel also launched a project of a tank.
Henschel for the prototype opted for an organisation motors more a standard engine compared to the other panzer tanks, while porsche opted for a motors Diesel-electric engine , the Diesel turns the motors sent the electric engine off the tracks. During the test of the 20 April 1942, the Tiger of Henschel was efficient while the tank of Ferdinad Porsche ignited after a few meters yards . The choice for Hitler was obsious obvious - the Tiger of Henschel will was sent to join the battelfields.


the Tiger of Ferdinad Porsche


the Tiger of Henschel

The Tiger tank during the war

The first time the Tiger tank were enter in was used in the war, it was in September 1942 during the seat of Lenningrad battle of Leningrad . The Tiger tank was destructive against the tank T-34/76 tank but the Tiger tank suffered of most from a lot of technical problems. An exemple For example, during the battle of Kursk, there were as many tanks destroyed by the crews as by the ennemies, this explain explained the complexity of the Tiger tank. However in the North Africa, 4 Tiger tanks as destroyed 40 Americans tanks (M4 Shermans and M3 Lees). The exploits of the Tiger tank have convinced Hitler than that the heavy tank are an were a non negligable asset not negligable on the battelfields.


this is a M4 Sherman


this is an M3 Lee

The characteristics of the tiger tank

1)The Tiger tank was the largest tank of this its time with this its :
- 8.40 meters of length (with the canon)
- 2.88 meters of hight
- 3.70 meters of width
2)The Tiger tank weighed 57 tons and maneuver was driven by 5 crew members
3)The schielding armour of the Tiger tank :
- 100 milimeters in the front (turrets and chassis)
- 82 milimeters on the coast sides (turrets and chassis)
- milimeters in the back : 82 (only chassis) and 65 milimeters (only turrets)
The crews of the Tiger tank had for habit to make the habit of putting the tank in a diamond??? position "diamand", for to explain what is the diamond?? position is diamand it is necessary to understand that.The schielded armour is better inclined like in the photo below. So the "diamond" position is the second photo, it's the inclined schielded armour but this is the crew who inclined the tank and so the schielded armour .


//image of inclined schielded armour //


this is the "Diamond" position

4)The Tiger tank had for principale as its main weapon the "canon 88mm an 8.8cm Flak Kw.k 36L/56 and Two machine guns mg-34 but finally remplace they were finally replaced by the MG-42 machine gun mg-42 .
5)The Tiger tank can do on the road to could do up to 40 km/h and had an autonomy of 140 km. The motors had a power of 700 horse It had a 700 horse-power engine . It was at this the time the most largest and heaviest tank in the world.

The successor of the Tiger, the Tiger II

Late 1942, the German army take made the choice to resort an old projet of a heavy tank of 1941 who was to succeed to which succeeded the Tiger tank. In 1943 hitler want that wanted the projet of the heavy tank had the new canon to have a new gun the "canon 88mm 8.8 cm Flak Kw.K 43L/71" at high velocity, more longer and more precise than it's predecessor. Hitler want a schielded wanted an **15cms of armour** in the front of 150mm and on the coast 80mm 8cm on the sides. After the arrived arrival of the Panther (another German tank), he it was dedecided to had have on the new tank a shielded in the front was inclined and so **an inclined armour in front to be more efficient.
Like the first time Ferdinad porsche and Henschel launched a project of this tank. Like the first time Henschel have succeeded again, the Tiger II of Henschel was take chosen against the Tiger II of porsche who that it was not trustworthy. The Tiger II of Henschel as a had its turrets more shielded better protected and a classic transmition classics system.
It is to highlight that the name "Tiger It was nicknamed "Royal Tiger" has done after the war but the real name it's was Tiger II. The Tiger II will go went into service in 1944 and was undefeated on the fight as a fighter tank vs the other tanks but he has it had the same defects as the Tiger 1, the Tiger II has to was too complexe for the crews and so again most Tiger IIs was were destroyed by the crews.
the characteristics of The Tiger II was scary.
- 10.20 meters of in length with the canon gund
- 3.10 meters of in hight
- 3.75 meters of in width
The canon gun of the Tiger II could penetrate until 150 mm up to 15cm of steel inclined at 30 degrees at 2,000 meters, the Tiger II at this time penetrated all the tanks of the World War Two.
The Tiger II had 150 mm inclined on the chassis so real 180mm Je n'ai pas compris cette phrase même en regardant l'image! (if you don't understand look up the image with the schielded inclined armour), for the turrets it varies. For the turrets of Porsche, they were 100mm inclined and for the turrets of Henschel 180mm none (????) inclined.
The motors was engines were the same as that on those of the Tiger I and the Tiger II with this 70 tons was under motorized je n'ai pas compris cette partie de la phrase . He shares his motors with It has the same engine as the Panther which is 25 tons less. That motors The engines allowed a maximal speed on theroad of 35km/h. The tracks and the suspension has the same at were the same as those of the Tiger I, normal it was the end of the war and the resources lack were lacking


this is the Tiger II

the resume A summary of the Tiger

For resume To sum up , when the Tiger when he arrived it was the most powerful tank the most power of the war and his it was the same for its successor, the Tiger II also with only 2 years apart. But these tanks it was victime of this victims of their conception with technical problems, ineffective maintenance and too much track wear. Despite that this , **these tanks it was of an were very impressive technical technically speaking and we still stay a legend of the they will always be legends in the History of tanks.


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